Marine Engineering - Motor

LIST OF CRITICAL SPARES FOR MAIN ENGINE TO BE CARRIED ONBOARD FOR SAFE OPERATION

– Adequate spare parts for the propelling machinery together with the necessary tools for maintenance and repair shall be readily available for use while at sea for safe operation of the vessel.

– The SMS of the vessel shall clearly indicate the minimum number of spares and tools required for the safe operation of the ship while at sea and during long passages, additionally it is the responsibility of the shipboard engineers to ensure critical spares are in order for any planned voyages.

– Manufacturers recommendation on the minimum number of spares to be taken into account and the availability of spares in the region the ships plying and the time taken to reach the ship shall always be taken into account.

– The classification societies also recommend critical spares and the number to be carried onboard.

S.NoSparesMinimumReason
1Main bearings or shells for one bearing of each size and type fitted, complete with shims, bolts and nuts1Critical spare: As failure on one of the units may also render the engine in-operable and continue to operate with damaged bearings may also cause permanent failure of crankshaft and moving parts, consequential damages like CC explosion etc.
2Main thrust block1 SetPads for one face of Michell-type thrust block or Inner and outer race with rollers where roller thrust bearings are fitted.

Failure on TB could lead to seizure of the shaft which can lead to the loss of propulsion power.

3Cylinder liner complete with joint rings and gaskets1 full setCylinder liner complete set shall always be ready to go, as cylinder liner crack, seizure, leaky or-rings etc are troubles which usually occur on the engines and it is always desirable to keep as many number as possible, but atleast 1 full set is mandatory.
4Cylinder Head assembly1 full setCylinder cover complete with valves, joints rings and gaskets. For engines without covers, the respective valves for one cylinder unit Cylinder cover studs or bolts, with nuts, as applicable for one cylinder
5Valves
Exhaust valves, complete with casings, seats, springs and other fittings for one cylinder2 setsExhaust valves are usually carried minimum 2 sets ready go as the chances of failures on fuel system will finally cause issues on exhaust valves.

In adequate access to the exhaust valves while in port and regular visual inspection is not always viable hence it is always desirable to keep 2 sets ready to go.

Air inlet valves, complete with casings, seats, springs and other fittings for one cylinder1 SetAs the inlet valve doesn’t involve higher temperature as that of exhaust, 1 set is minimum recommended.
Starting air valve, complete with casing, seat, springs and other fittings1 setStarting air valves may get stuck or develop leak but these valves can be overhauled onboard while at sea, hence 1 set is recommended.
Relief valve, complete1 setCylinder relief valve shall be carried as leaky valve may cause delay in replacing and if it is available ready, this can be changed quickly.
Fuel injection valves of each size and type fitted, complete with all fittings, for one engine1setDepends on the number of units on the engine. It is always desirable to keep atleast the number required to keep the valves ready for 2 units.
6Connecting rod bearings
Bottom end bearings or shells of each size and type fitted, complete with shims, bolts and nuts, for one cylinder1setCritical spare same as main bearing.
Top end bearings or shells of each size and type fitted, complete with shims,

bolts and nuts, for one cylinder

1setCritical spare same as main bearing.
7PISTON & PISTON ASSEMBLY
Pistons1SET– Crosshead type, piston of each type fitted, complete with piston rod, stuffing box, skirt, rings, studs and nuts

– Trunk piston type, piston of each type fitted, complete with skirt, rings, studs, nuts, gudgeon pin and connecting rod

 

Piston rings1 setPiston rings, for one cylinder is minimum recommended to carry.
Piston cooling1 SetTelescopic cooling pipes and fittings or their equivalent, for one cylinder unit
8Gear and chain for camshaft drives1 SetComplete gear train and chain, chain repair kit shall be kept ready to repair any kind of failure that may arise as a simple failure may render the whole engine inoperable.
9Cylinder lubricators1Lubricator complete, of the largest size, with its chain drive or gear wheel
10Fuel injection pumps1 setFuel pump complete, or, when replacement at sea is practicable, a complete set of working parts for one pump (plunger, sleeve, valves, springs, etc.)
11Fuel injection piping1High pressure fuel pipe of each size and shape fitted, complete with couplings
12Scavenge blowers (including turbochargers)1 setRotors, rotor shafts, bearings, nozzle rings and gear wheels or equivalent working parts if of other types
13Scavenging system1 setSuction and delivery valves for one pump of each type fitted
14Reduction and/or reverse gearComplete bearing bush, of each size fitted in the gear case assembly Roller or ball race, of each size fitted in the gear case assembly
15Gaskets and packings1 setSpecial gaskets and packings of each size and type fitted for cylinder covers and cylinder liners for one cylinder

4 thoughts on “LIST OF CRITICAL SPARES FOR MAIN ENGINE TO BE CARRIED ONBOARD FOR SAFE OPERATION

  1. Dev says:

    Thanks, this is one of the best post that i have read. Can you please tell me more about engine parts like diesel engine parts, air brake compressor parts and pistons etc.

  2. Bùi Văn Khánh says:

    May you give some advices on the Critical Spare Part List for AHTS vessel which was provided with two to 4 main engine and 2-5 generators?

    1. Venugopal Balla says:

      Yes please provide the list of Recommended Spare-parts for a vessel Main Engine (Fuel Pump and other machinery parts)

  3. Jegatheesvaran says:

    Hi good day we are shipping agent base in Malaysia
    We need engineering part list for vessel
    Thank innadvance

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