Types of Ballast Water Treatment (BWT) System Discharge criteria – Any type approved ballast water treatment system shall comply with the discharge criteria regulation D2 and they are; Capacity discharge for organisms; Less than 10 organisms per m3, for organisms> 50 micrometers, Less than 10 organisms per ml, for organisms between 10 and 50 microns.…Details
Articles on technical and not-technical topics.
Port State Jurisdiction Ships trade internationally and have to call at various ports all over the world. many ships may not call at any of their home ports for a considerable period and it is possible that during a certain period of time Ship’s Certificates may not have been renewed or maintenance in general has…Details
Coastal State Jurisdiction UNCLOS stipulates the measures a coastal state can take to ensure peace and good order in their territorial sea. Such a provision provides the coastal state with the necessary latitude to take measures to investigate or prevent such occurrences that would be dangerous or detrimental to the coastal state. UNCLOS is careful…Details
MARITIME JURISDICTION Various manifestations of state jurisdiction can be rendered from the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) and international law broadly. Three main types of jurisdiction for all states Three main types of jurisdiction activities exist, combined with three categories of maritime states which can have jurisdiction. First there is…Details
Flag State Flag State refers to the country where a vessel is registered. This country has extra-territorial jurisdiction over its vessels sailing anywhere in the world by virtue of the nationality principle. Every state has the right to sail ships under its flag and thus participate in international navigation. However, this right comes with certain…Details
Ship Registration For ship registration, UNCLOS requires that all vessels must sai l under the flag of a particular state. Thus, shipowners must register their vessels with a Flag State and keep their vessel in a condition t hat satisfies the requirements of that particular Flag State. UNCLOS Article 91 Nationality of ships 1. Every State shall…Details