Q8. A. What is a commutator? Discuss its rectifying action in detail.
B. Calculate the e.m.f. generated by a 4-pole, wave wound armature having 40 slots with 18 conductors per slot when driven at 1000 r.p.m. The flux per pole is 0.015 wb.
Q10. (a). Describe the no-load saturation characteristic of a d.c. generator.
(b). A 4-pole machine running at 1500 r.p.m. has an armature with 80 slots and 6 conductors per pole. The flux per pole is 6 x 106 lines. Determine the terminal e.m.f. of d.c. generator if the coils are lap connected. If the current per conductor is 100 A, determine the electrical power.
Q10. A. (i) What is direct-connected alternator?
(ii) How is a direct-connected exciter arranged in an alternator?
B. Find the synchronous impedance reactance of an alternator in which a given field current produces an armature current of 200 A on short circuit and a generated e.m.f. of 50V on open circuit. The armature resistance is 0.1 ohm. To what induced voltage must the alternator be excited if it is to deliver a load of 100A at a p.f of 0.8 lagging, with a terminal voltage of 200V.
Q8. A. What is slip? What are the factors on which the torque or an induction motor depends? B) Calculate the pitch factors Kp for a wiping having 24 stator slots, 4 poles, when the coil span is 1 to 6
Q7. A. Derive an expression for the e.m.f induced in an a.c. generator. B. A 3000 KVA, 6 pole alternators runs at 1000 r.p.m in parallel with other machines on 3300 V bus-bars. The synchronous reactance is 25%. Calculate the synchronizing power for one mechanical degree of displacement and the corresponding synchronizing torque.
Q6. A. Describe how the force on the ship’s bottom and the GM vary when grounding takes place.
B. A ship of 8,000 tonnes displacement takes the ground on a sand bank on a falling tide at an even keel draft of 5.2 metres. KG 4.0 metres. The predicted depth of water over the sand bank at the following low water is 3.2 metres. Calculate the GM at this time assuming that the KM will then be 5.0 metres and that mean TPC is 15 tonne.
Q10. The breadth of the upper edge of a deep tank bulkhead is 12 metres. The vertical heights of the bulkhead at equidistant intervals across it are 0.3, 5, 6, 5, 3 and 0 metres respectively. Find the depth of the centre of pressure below the waterline when the tank is filled to a head of 2 metres above the top of the tank.
Q8. A box shaped vessel is 80 m long, 12 m wide and floats at a draught of 4m.
A full width midships compartment 15 m long is bilged and this results in the draught increasing to 4.5 m. Calculate EACH of the following,
(a) The permeability of the compartment;
(b) The change in metacentric height due to bilging.
Q4. A ship of displacement 11000 tonne has a length 120 m, breadth 16 m, and even keel draught of 5.5 m in sea water of density 1025 kg/m3. The area of the waterplane is 1440 m2 and the second moment of area of the waterplane about a transverse axis through midships is 1.2 × 106 m4 with the LCF at midships. The ship has a full depth empty rectangular compartment of length 12 m and breadth 10 m. The center of the compartment is on the centerline of the ship 40 m forward of midships.
Calculate the end draughts after the compartment is bilged.
Q6. A. Explain how wave profile affects the shear force and bending moment curves. B. A ship 125m long displaces 12000 tonne. When a mass of 100 tonnes is moved 75m from forward to aft there is a change in trim of 65 cm by the stem. Calculate - MCTI cm; The longitudinal metacentric height; The distance moved by the centre of gravity of the ship.
Q6. A. Explain why the bilging of empty double-bottom or deep tanks below the waterline leads to an increase in GM.
B. the immersed cross-sectional area of a ship 120m long, commencing from aft are 2,40,79,100,103,104,104,103,97,58 and 0m^2 calculate - (i) Displacement; (ii) Longitudinal position of the centre of buoyancy.
Q10. A) Define torque and explain how it is developed in a D.C. Motor. Drive from first principles an expression for the torque developed in a D.C. Motor. (6)
(b) A diode valve, having the following characteristic is connected in series with a resistor of 10,000 ohm to a 240 V d.c. supply. If a resistor of 40,000 ohms is connected between the anode and cathode, determine the current through the diode.
Page 1 of 21